By: Markus Kuhn in JSP Tutorials on 2008-08-13
There are two ways in which a HTTP server can indicate to a client that a document is encoded in UTF-8:
- Make sure that the HTTP header of a document contains the line
Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8if the file is HTML, or the line
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8if the file is plain text. How this can be achieved depends on your web server. If you use Apache and you have a subdirecory in which all *.html or *.txt files are encoded in UTF-8, then create there a file .htaccess and add to it the two lines
AddType text/html;charset=UTF-8 html AddType text/plain;charset=UTF-8 txtA webmaster can modify /etc/httpd/mime.types to make the same change for all subdirectories simultaneously.
- If you cannot influence the HTTP headers that the web server prefixes to
your documents automatically, then add in a HTML document under HEAD the
<META http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">which usually has the same effect. This obviously works only for HTML files, not for plain text. It also announces the encoding of the file to the parser only after the parser has already started to read the file, so it is clearly the less elegant approach.
The currently most widely used browsers support UTF-8 well enough to generally recommend UTF-8 for use on web pages. The old Netscape 4 browser used an annoyingly large single font for displaying any UTF-8 document. Best upgrade to Mozilla, Netscape 6 or some other recent browser (Netscape 4 is generally very buggy and not maintained any more).
This policy contains information about your privacy. By posting, you are declaring that you understand this policy:
- Your name, rating, website address, town, country, state and comment will be publicly displayed if entered.
- Aside from the data entered into these form fields, other stored data about your comment will include:
- Your IP address (not displayed)
- The time/date of your submission (displayed)
- Your email address will not be shared. It is collected for only two reasons:
- Administrative purposes, should a need to contact you arise.
- To inform you of new comments, should you subscribe to receive notifications.
- A cookie may be set on your computer. This is used to remember your inputs. It will expire by itself.
This policy is subject to change at any time and without notice.
These terms and conditions contain rules about posting comments. By submitting a comment, you are declaring that you agree with these rules:
- Although the administrator will attempt to moderate comments, it is impossible for every comment to have been moderated at any given time.
- You acknowledge that all comments express the views and opinions of the original author and not those of the administrator.
- You agree not to post any material which is knowingly false, obscene, hateful, threatening, harassing or invasive of a person's privacy.
- The administrator has the right to edit, move or remove any comment for any reason and without notice.
Failure to comply with these rules may result in being banned from submitting further comments.
These terms and conditions are subject to change at any time and without notice.
Most Viewed Articles (in JSP )
Latest Articles (in JSP)
- Data Science
- React Native
- Cloud Computing
- Java Beans
- Mac OS X
- Office 365
- Tech Reviews