Programming Tutorials

Guidelines for Struts Application Development

By: Jagan in Struts Tutorials on 2023-05-01  

Here are some guidelines for Struts application development:

  1. Follow the MVC design pattern: Struts framework is based on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern. Make sure to separate the presentation layer (JSP), business logic (Action class), and data access logic (DAO) into different components.

  2. Keep the code modular and maintainable: Use a modular approach to write code so that it can be easily modified, tested, and maintained. This will also help in reusability of code.

  3. Use Struts Tag Library: Struts provides a rich set of custom tags that can be used to create dynamic pages with minimum coding. Make use of these tags for creating HTML forms, displaying data in tabular format, and more.

  4. Validate user inputs: Always validate user inputs to ensure data integrity and prevent security breaches. Struts provides built-in validation support using the Validator Framework.

  5. Use JSTL: The JSTL (JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library) provides a set of tags for common tasks such as looping, conditional statements, formatting, and more. Make use of these tags for easier and more concise JSP coding.

  6. Use Struts Tiles for Layouts: Struts Tiles is a templating framework that helps to manage the layout of pages. It allows defining a common layout for an entire application and provides easy-to-use tags for reusing the layout in different pages.

  7. Optimize performance: Optimize the performance of your Struts application by reducing the number of database queries, using caching, and minimizing the use of session variables.

  8. Use logging: Use a logging framework like Log4j to log errors, warnings, and other useful information. This will help in debugging and troubleshooting the application.

  9. Test the application: Test the application thoroughly before deployment to ensure its functionality, security, and performance. Make use of unit testing frameworks like JUnit and functional testing frameworks like Selenium.

  10. Keep up with the latest Struts version: Keep your Struts version up-to-date to take advantage of the latest features and security updates. Also, follow the Struts community to stay up-to-date with best practices and new developments.

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