By: MakeItSimple. in Java Tutorials on 2008-09-02
A Report variable is a special objects build on top of an expression. Variables can be used to simplify the report design by declaring only once an expression that is heavily used throughout the report design or to perform various calculations on the corresponding expressions.
In its expression, a
variable can reference other report variables, but only if those
referenced variables were previously defined in the report design. So the
order in which the variables are declared in a report design is important.
As mentioned, variables
can perform built-in types of calculations on their corresponding
expression values like : count, sum, average, lowest, highest, variance,
A variable that performs
the sum of the
field should be declared like this:
For variables that perform calculation we can specify the level at which they
are reinitialized. The default level is
and it means that the variable is initialized only once at the beginning of the
report and that it performs the specified calculation until the end of the
report is reached. But we can choose a lower level of reset for our variables in
order to perform calculation at page, column or group level.
For example, if we want to
calculate the total quantity on each page, we should declare our variable
<variable name="QuantitySum" class="java.lang.Double"
<initialValueExpression>new Double(0) </initialValueExpression>
Our variable will be initialized with zero at the beginning of each new page.
There are also the
following built-in system variables, ready to use in expressions:
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