Programming Tutorials

instanceof operator example in Java

By: Fanny Ong in Java Tutorials on 2007-10-13  

The instanceof operator compares an object to a specified type. You can use it to test if an object is an instance of a class, an instance of a subclass, or an instance of a class that implements a particular interface.

The following program, InstanceofDemo, defines a parent class (named Parent), a simple interface (named MyInterface), and a child class (named Child) that inherits from the parent and implements the interface.

class InstanceofDemo {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    Parent obj1 = new Parent();
    Parent obj2 = new Child();

    System.out.println("obj1 instanceof Parent: " + (obj1 instanceof Parent));
    System.out.println("obj1 instanceof Child: " + (obj1 instanceof Child));
    System.out.println("obj1 instanceof MyInterface: " + (obj1 instanceof MyInterface));
    System.out.println("obj2 instanceof Parent: " + (obj2 instanceof Parent));
    System.out.println("obj2 instanceof Child: " + (obj2 instanceof Child));
    System.out.println("obj2 instanceof MyInterface: " + (obj2 instanceof MyInterface));

class Parent{}
class Child extends Parent implements MyInterface{}
interface MyInterface{}
obj1 instanceof Parent: true
obj1 instanceof Child: false
obj1 instanceof MyInterface: false
obj2 instanceof Parent: true
obj2 instanceof Child: true
obj2 instanceof MyInterface: true
When using the instanceof operator, keep in mind that null is not an instance of anything.

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